英文版的文章在这里: http://drupal.org/glossary

Node #
A node is a piece of content in Drupal, typically corresponding to a single page on the site, that has a title, an optional body, and perhaps additional fields. Every node also belongs to a particular content type, and can additionally be classified using the taxonomy system. Examples of nodes are polls, stories, book pages and images


Node ID. The node ID is the unique identifier for each node. It can be found in the path to the node. For example, a node with path, “http://drupal.org/node/937“, has a node ID of “937”.

节点ID,节点ID是每个节点唯一的身份标志,他可以在节点的路径中找到,例如,一个带节点的路径,”http://drupal.org/node/937“, 他带有的节点ID是”937”.
Content type #
Every node belongs to a single “node type” or “content type”, which defines various default settings for nodes of that type, such as whether the node is published automatically and whether comments are permitted. Modules can define their own content types; the core Drupal Book and Poll modules are two examples of modules that define content types


Book #
A book is a set of pages tied together in a hierarchical sequence, perhaps with chapters, sections, subsections, and so on. You can use books for manuals, site resource guides, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs), or whatever you’d like. To use books, enable the core Book module.


A hook is a PHP function that is named foo_bar(), where “foo” is the name of the module (whose filename is thus foo.module) and “bar” is the name of the hook. Each hook has a defined set of parameters and a specified result type


Numeronym for internationalization, replacing the 18 middle letters with “18”. Internationalization refers to enabling translations and other-language support (including alternate character sets and right-to-left rendering) in computer systems


Menu #
In Drupal, the term menu refers both to the clickable navigational elements on a page, and to Drupal’s internal system for handling requests. When a request is sent to Drupal, the menu system uses the provided URL to determine what functions to call.


Module #
A module is software (usually PHP and CSS) that extends Drupal features and functionality. Drupal distinguishes between core and contributed modules


Regions are defined areas of a page where content can be placed. Basic regions include: Header, Footer, Content, Left sidebar, Right Sidebar. Different themes can define different regions so the options are often different per-site. Content is assigned to regions via blocks. They can be ordered by weight within regions to define the order in which they display


Story #
A story is a content type that is defined in a default Drupal installation, typically used for content that has a date associated with it, such as a news item


Taxonomy #
Taxonomy is literally “the science of classification”. In Drupal, Taxonomy is a powerful core module that gives your sites use of “terms”, organizational keywords known in other systems as categories, tags, or metadata. In Drupal, these terms are gathered within “vocabularies.” The Taxonomy module allows you to create, manage and apply those vocabularies.


Template #
A template is a file that is mostly HTML with some special PHP code to substitute in values provided by an engine

Views #
Views is a contributed module which allows site developers a simple graphical interface for modifying the presentation of content. Views permits selection of specific fields to display, filtration against various node attributes, choice of basic layout options (ie. list, full nodes, teasers, etc.), and other more advanced features. Many Drupal sites use Views extensively

Weight #
Weight is a term used by Drupal to define the priority or order in which a function is processed or a block / node is displayed. From Drupal 6, the weight field is adjusted dynamically using a drag-and-drop interface. Note: A lower weight value (-10) will float to the top of lists, while heavier (+10) weights will appear lower in lists


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